Great differences are encountered among Caucasus region countries in respect of energy resources reserves and economic conditions. Thermal power plants consist of obsolete and inefficient units, while the Soviet-type large heating systems collapsed after 1992 and their reconstruction is considered uneconomic. Renovation needs of the power and heat sector, and the potential of FBC implementation in decentralised CHP units were investigated, since operating oil and gas power plants exhibit high fuel consumption, low efficiency and poor environmental performance. Results showed significant prospects of FBC UTILIZATION in decentralized cogeneration units in the Caucausus region heat and power sector. Their introduction constitutes an economically attractive way to cover power and heat demands and promotes utilization of domestic energy resources in each country, provided that financial difficulties could be confronted.

Keywords : Fluidised bed combustion, decentralised CHP units, Caucasus region power & heat sector.