Biomass co-firing and, lately, dedicated biomass combustion in large scale power plants, is considered as one of the easily deployed ways for mitigating CO2 emissions from the power sector. Due to the large thermal capacity of most coal power plants, the adoption of co-firing, even at relatively low thermal shares, requires the organization of a biomass supply chain for large bulk quantities; in some cases, the supply chain may even span the globe. The organization of such a supply chain requires extensive planning and organization of behalf of all involved actors: plant operators, fuel suppliers and policy makers. The increased utilization of biomass in the power sector has also raised concern among several groups regarding sustainability issues.